Category: 2011

2011 Fund Project

Ta’an Kwäch’än Council (TKC) Community Stewardship Program

The goal of our program is to build TKC member and staff capacity with regards to salmon related technical work, while implementing/maintaining several TKC salmon initiatives. Our proposal will consist of hiring one Steward (technician) who will conduct a variety of monitoring and assessment activities related to Chinook salmon stocks and habitat in the TKC Traditional Territory along with the Fish and Wildlife Steward.

The restoration of Chinook salmon to Fox Creek, apart from the obvious merits of this project, raises the profile of First Nation and citizen involvement in salmon restoration and management. Coupled with public outreach projects such as the involvement of the Stewards with Summer Culture Camp, and Family Fish Camp (CRE-128-13) will provide opportunity to the proposed activity of collecting ASL data from TKC citizens, this project works to build trust and communication between the TKC government and its citizens, and encourages citizen participation in Chinook salmon management initiatives, including in-season harvest estimates.

The data collected through the TKC Community Stewardship Program is publically accessible and may contribute to future management decisions. Furthermore, as the project develops the type and quality of data collected continues to increase and improve. TKC now owns a significant amount of required sampling equipment and is involved in a number of ecological assessment and monitoring projects throughout the Traditional Territory.

CRE-54-13 Ta’an Kwach’an Council (TKC) Communi...

CRE-54-12 Ta’an Kwach’an Council Community Ste...

CRE-54-11 Ta’an Kwach’an Stewardship Project

 

Yukon Schools Fry Releases & Habitat Studies

This project will make funds available to classes at Yukon schools involved with the “Stream to Sea” studies to help enable them to participate in field trips. Students will participate in habitat studies at various Yukon creeks, guided by teachers and other facilitators with fisheries experience. Some classes will be given the opportunity to release salmon back to their natal streams in the spring. Some classes will have the opportunity to observe salmon spawning when they collect their own chum eggs for classroom incubation in October. Exposing students to the natural habitat of the salmon they have studied and nurtured, and exposing students to aquatic habitats in general, will help to foster a stewardship ethic. The field trips will also help students to understand the scientific concepts that they have been taught in the classroom.

CRE-67-12 Yukon Schools Fry Releases and Habitat S...

CRE-67-11 Yukon Schools Fry Releases and Habitat S...

 

Yukon River In-Season Salmon Management Teleconferences

The goal of this program is to improve public awareness of fishing conditions and to foster community support for the management of Yukon River salmon. This is done on a weekly basis through the hosting of in-season salmon management teleconferences during the fishing season. The program has run consistently for the past 12 years, funded by the Yukon River Panel and the Fisheries Resource Monitoring Program. Participants on the call include Yukon River fishermen, community harvest surveyors, Tribal councils, First Nations, policy makers, non-governmental organizations and state and federal resource managers. The content of the call includes updates and reports from villages on fishing activities and environmental conditions as well as management reports on their fisheries assessments and strategies. Open discussion and question and answer periods take place following the reports. The calls are focused on in-season management and there are numerous questions posed from the fishermen to the managers. In recent years, with low Chinook salmon runs, it is critical to have this open dialogue that enables management to share weekly data on run counts, timing, gear restrictions etc. and for managers to hear from fishermen on their reports of what they are harvesting and seeing in the river. Management is complex and new fishing gear and many openings and closings in the different fishing districts have become common. This dialogue helps build community support because it is an open forum where the public gets to interact directly with resource managers and hear rationale for management decision-making. While not everyone agrees on fisheries management strategies this open forum helps to build an open dialogue and working relationship. It is also a place for fishermen to share their concerns directly with managers and they can ask for changes in fishing gear or hours of time allowed to fish. Outcomes from this program have included the development of a cadre of people from the Yukon River that communicate on a weekly basis about the Yukon River salmon runs, in-season, many of which are different than those that participate in other annual forums. The calls are a reliable, affordable and effective in-season communication that should continue in order to offer an opportunity for people from the Yukon River to participate in fisheries management discussions about the conservative management actions taking place in recent years. People who participate on the call are local leaders in various ways and they share the information on the calls with other community members. They also share their community concerns on the call thus actings as community liaisons during the fishing season. This is extremely helpful as the management agencies are only based in two locations during the fishing season and have limited time and ability to travel out to each and every community to meet firsthand with fishing families.

 

CC-01-16 Yukon River In-Season Salmon Management T...

CC-01-15 In-season teleconferences 2015

CC-01-14 Yukon River In-Season Management Teleconf...

CC-01-13 Yukon River In-Season Management Teleconf...

CC-01-12 Yukon River Inseason Salmon Management Te...

CC-01-06 Yukon River In-Season Salmon Management T...

URE-11-03 Yukon River Drainage Fisheries Associati...

URE-11-02 In-Season Management Teleconference

 

Development of a Genetic Baseline for Canadian-origin Yukon River Chinook and Chum Salmon

A genetics-based analysis can be used to identify to what river system, drainage, or sub-drainage a salmon is returning, long before the salmon actually reaches its spawning grounds. This type of analysis is generally referred to as genetic stock identification (GSI) and is used in both research and management. In the Yukon River, it is used to identify the stock of origin of salmon caught in commercial, subsistence, and test fisheries (e.g., Pilot Station or Eagle Sonar). This information on stock composition is used by fisheries managers to make in-season decisions and to reconstruct the run at the end of the season. It can also be used to understand where a juvenile salmon is from; this is particularly useful given that many juvenile salmon do not rear in their natal streams.

All of this analysis and its resultant information hinges on having a representative genetic baseline. This project aims to ensure that the genetic baseline used by researchers and managers is representative of Canadian-origin salmon. A good portion of the genetic baseline already exists thanks to the work on this project that has already taken place. The aim of this project is to gather genetic baseline samples from those areas and stocks that are currently un-represented or under-represented and, in this way, improve the accuracy of all the estimates developed using GSI. Canadian sampling efforts are focused on filling the baseline gaps by collecting tissues from poorly represented Canadian tributaries.

CRE-78-16 Collection and Analysis of Yukon River D...

CRE-78-15A Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78-14A Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78-15B Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78-13A Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78-13B Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78-12A Collection and Analysis YR DNA Baseline...

CRE-78-12A Collection and Analysis YR DNA Baseline...

CRE-78-12B Collection & Analysis of Yukon River DN...

CRE-78-11A Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78-11A Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78-11B Collection and Analysis of Yukon River ...

CRE-78N-07A Collection of DNA Baseline Samples Wit...

Temperature Monitoring of Yukon River Chinook Salmon Spawning and Migration Habitats in Canada

After a returning salmon leaves the marine environment, water temperatures largely determine its ability to migrate and spawn successfully. The goal of this project is to develop a publicly accessible baseline of the thermal regimes of Yukon River Chinook Salmon spawning and migration habitats in Canada.

The Yukon River Canadian Water Temperature Monitoring Network (the Network) was initiated during the 2011 – 2012 ADF&G water temperature project, and is continued by a Canadian Consultant to the present. The Network currently comprises 15 Stations, and data collection is conducted in watercourses utilized by Chinook Salmon for adult migration and spawning, as well as juvenile incubation, rearing, overwintering and downstream migration. Design of the Network includes both geographical and temporal components. Data from temperature data loggers at each station are downloaded, checked and used to generate mean, minimum and maximum daily temperatures, and this data set is uploaded to yukonwatertemperatures.info.

The primary rationale for the project continuing is that it extends the temporal length of the baseline. This allows more complete consideration of the inter-annual range of temperatures that may be expected, and strengthens the baseline for future salmon fishery and habitat managers to determine temperature trends and effects thereof. The secondary rationale is the public nature of the project, with data being widely and freely distributed. This enables access to the data by agency and non-agency persons, and reduces the risk that data – and the investment in collecting it – will be lost due to personnel changes, government reorganizations or simple neglect.

CRE-20-19. Water Temperature Monitoring of Yukon R...

CRE-20-18 Water Temps Monitoring of YR Chinook Hab...

CRE-20-17 Water Temps Monitoring of YR Chinook Hab...

CRE-20-16 Water temperature monitoring of YR Chino...

CRE-20-15 Temperature monitoring of Yukon River Ch...

CRE-20-14 Water temperature monitoring of YR Chino...

CRE-20-13 Water temperature monitoring of YR Chino...

URE-25-12 Temperature monitoring of Canadian and A...

URE-25-11 Temperature monitoring of Canadian and A...

 

Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

Our goal is the development and maintenance of community capacity in the Dawson City region to protect, maintain and restore salmon stocks and habitats. Each year, two local high school students who have not participated in the project in past years are hired as Student Stewards. They work under the field supervision of an experienced elder and the technical guidance of a retired DFO biologist, and are provided with a wide range of hands-on training through participation in a variety of salmon and salmon habitat management and research activities. Proposed activities include the monitoring of 0+ Chinook salmon growth and habitat utilisation, ground water fed rearing channel habitat monitoring, riparian restoration principles, and ground truthing of placer maps. Depending on environmental conditions, 0+ Chinook fry salvage and access restoration may take place, and we may partner with DFO as we have in the past to conduct genetic analysis on some 0+ Chinook. The context of any activities undertaken will be explained to the Student Stewards so that they are given an opportunity not only to understand what they are doing, but why they are doing it.
At the end of the funded field work component of the project, the Student Stewards will demonstrate their acquired skills and knowledge to children and community members in a Public Involvement Day. Opportunities will be sought to increase the exposure of the project through the local media and in presentations to the public.

CRE-06-18 Yukon River North Stewardship Final Rep...

CRE-06-17 Yukon River North Stewardship Final Repo...

CRE-06-16 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-15 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-14 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-13 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-12 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-11 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-10 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-09 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

CRE-06-08 Yukon River North Mainstem Stewardship

 

McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project – MCSIP

Tanks for all the fish

A lot more Chinook salmon will soon be raised at the McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Facility. The Whitehorse hatchery has seen $60,000 in upgrades as well as a new tank design which more closely mimics nature. Philippe Morin took a tour.More: www.cbc.ca/1.3633022

Posted by CBC Yukon on Monday, June 13, 2016

Video Source: CBC

The McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project (MCSIP) is a groundwater sourced, gravity-fed salmon incubation facility capable of rearing fish from egg-take through to tagged and release-ready stage. The facility has functioned for nearly 20 years, collecting salmon broodstock from the wild, fertilizating and incubating eggs, rearing and feeding  juveniles, adipose fin clipping and inserting coded-wire tags (CWTs) in preparation for release into the wild. In previous years MCSIP has focused on enhancement and fostering of stewardship through the rearing and release of Yukon River Chinook salmon juveniles back into natal streams, as well as stock restoration of depopulated streams undergoing stock restoration. For example, Whitehorse Rapids Fishway eggs have primarily been used to re-stock Fox Creek as part of Ta’an Kwäch’än First Nation’s (TKFN) Fox Creek Salmon Stock Restoration Project. MCSIP provides facilities for the initial incubation of small numbers of other salmon eggs which are destined for classroom incubation projects as part of the Stream to Sea Program, and has served as a test site to refine the use of heath stack incubators and thermal marking units, which have been developed at the site.

MCSIP was initially founded as a stewardship and enhancement project, and continues to be a significant resource for Yukon River salmon. MCSIP focuses on two main target groups within the larger community; first nations interested in stock restoration of depopulated chinook salmon streams (e.g. TKFN), and students. Both elementary and Yukon College students use MCSIP as part of their educational experience. Renewable Resources Management 134: Introduction to Salmon Hatcheries and Related Fisheries Practices is a course developed with and for MCSIP. Yukon College students also provide paid labor and management of the day-to-day operation of the hatchery during the school year, providing even more practical training and responsibility. This hands-on experience has proven very valuable for student’s ongoing education and work careers.

 

CRE-65-16 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Final R...

CRE-65-14 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-13 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-12 McIntyre Ck Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-11 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-10 McIntyre Incubation Facility

CRE-65-09 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-08 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Report

CRE-65-07 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Report

CRE-65-06 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-05 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-04 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-65-03 McIntyre Creek Incubation

CRE-65-02 McIntyre Creek Salmon Incubation Project

CRE-15-98 McIntyre Creek Incubation Project

CRE-25-97 Mcintyre Chinook Incubation Project

 

Yukon River Border Sonar Operations

The Alaska Department of Fish and Game and the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans actively manage Chinook and chum salmon fisheries in the Yukon River drainage, and the Canadian component of these stocks is an area of concern for both countries. This project employs split-beam and imaging sonar equipment on the Yukon River to generate timely, in-season passage estimates of Chinook and chum salmon bound for Canadian waters. The project is located approximately 13 km downstream from the U.S.-Canada Border and is scheduled to operate continuously in the field from approximately July 1 through October 10. As a part of routine project operations, drift gill netting is conducted daily to monitor species composition and to collect age, sex, and length data and genetic samples representative of the Chinook and chum salmon runs.

The 2016 season will mark the twelfth year of operation for this project, and the fifth year that it is funded by the Yukon River Panel Restoration & Enhancement Fund. There has been productive bi-lateral cooperation and consultation throughout the development of this project, leading to increased confidence in, and agreement upon, salmon border passage estimates. An annual report is also generated each year as part of the ADF&G Fisheries Data Series.

URE-16-17 Sonar Estimation of Chinook and Fall Chu...

URE-16-16 Sonar Estimation of Chinook and Fall Chu...

URE-16-14 Yukon River Border Sonar Operations

 

 

 

Yukon River Pre-Season Planning Process

The project goal is to conduct public outreach to an adult audience of active Yukon River fishers to build a more aware public constituency that is motivated to maintain and protect salmon stocks of Canadian origin. Over the past ten years the Yukon River Drainage Fisheries Association (YRDFA) has hosted a one-day meeting to discuss pre-season planning for the management of declining Canadian origin Chinook salmon, fall chum and other important issues related to the upcoming fishing season. Meeting attendees include Tribal Council representatives, state and federal fisheries management agencies and other Yukon River fishery stakeholders. The meetings are a necessary annual event convening stakeholders, representing a majority of Yukon River fishing communities along the Alaskan portion of the Yukon River, with Alaskan agency fishery managers to discuss how to protect Canadian origin Chinook and fall chum salmon and meet other management goals.

This project has demonstrated that outreach through face-to-face meetings with the Yukon River public has led to increased community partnership with fisheries managers in their management efforts to conserve Canadian origin Chinook salmon.

CC-03-19. Yukon River Pre & Post Season Planning M...

CC-03-18. YRP R&E Summer Prep Final Report

CC-03-17 Yukon River Panel R&E Summer Prep draft F...

CC-03-16 2017 YRDFA Pre-Season Planning

CC-03-15 Preseason planning 2015

CC-03-14 Yukon River Pre-Season Planning Process

CC-03-13 Yukon River Pre-Season Planning Process

CC-03-12 Yukon River Summer Preparedness Process

CC-03-11 Summer Season Preparedness Final Report

 

 

Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the Big Salmon River

This project, which has been running at this site since 2005 and funded by the Restoration and Enhancement Fund since 2011, operates a sonar station on the Big Salmon River using a long range dual frequency identification sonar (DIDSON) to enumerate the Chinook salmon escapement each year, and conducts spawning ground sampling to obtain biological information on the stock. The goal of the project is to provide a long term dataset for inter-annual stock strength, run timing, ASL composition, and annual escapement estimates (for the Big Salmon and the Yukon Rivers) in addition to verifying the accuracy of the genetic proportions from Eagle.

The program works closely with the Juvenile Chinook Out-migrant Assessment Study and the Sonar Program in Eagle, Alaska.

CRE-41-20. 2020 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report - ...

CRE-41-19. Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report 2019

CRE-41-18. 2018 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report

CRE-41-17 2017 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report - F...

CRE-41-16 2016 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report

CRE-41-15 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...

CRE-41-14 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...

CRE-41-13 Sonar Enumeration of Chinook Salmon on t...

CRE-41-12 Sonar Enumeration of Chinook Salmon on t...

CRE-41-11 Big Salmon Sonar

CRE-41-10 Chinook Salmon Enumeration on the Big Sa...

CRE-41-09 Big Salmon Sonar Final Report

CRE-41-08 Big Salmon River Chinook Sonar Report

CRE-41-07 Big Salmon Sonar Report

CRE-41-06 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...

CRE-41-05 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...