Category: 2020

2020 Fund Project

Pelly River Chinook Salmon Sonar Program

This project proposes to operate a sonar enumeration program on the lower Pelly River (downstream of the community of Pelly Crossing) for the purpose of enumerating Chinook salmon that spawn in the mainstem Pelly River and all of its tributaries. The Pelly River supports Selkirk First Nation’s (SFN) Chinook salmon fishery and is one of the largest contributors of Canadian origin Yukon River Chinook salmon, based on genetic stock identification, at the Eagle Sonar site near the Canada/U.S. border. There is currently no index of Chinook salmon escapement for the mainstem of the Pelly River and SFN is keen on developing a more localized means to manage this important Chinook stock.

SFN has recently entered into dialogue with DFO’s Yukon staff with regard to the local management of the Pelly River Chinook salmon stock; it is SFN’s intention take a more active role in the management and conservation of Chinook salmon in the Pelly River through a locally developed Salmon Management Plan. The first stage of this local Salmon Management Plan includes developing an SFN operated stock assessment program for Chinook salmon on the Pelly River, and in support of this objective, SFN conducted a reconnaissance survey of the lower Pelly River in August 2015 and located a candidate sonar site with a bathymetric profile, current pattern and river banks shape/composition that is suited to the operation of split-beam or multi-beam sonar. The site is located approximately 20 km upstream of the mouth of the Pelly River and is downstream of all but one of SFN citizen’s fish camps. This site could also support a test fishery for species apportionment, as well as a seasonal field camp to support the operation of the sonar program.

The first goal of this project is to begin the development of an accurate, in-season stock assessment tool to estimate the annual passage rates for Chinook salmon in the Pelly River. The second goal of this project is to begin to build local capacity, including technical training and full time employment for local SFN citizens.

CRE-94-20. Pelly River Chinook Salmon Sonar 2020 R...

CRE-94-19. Pelly Sonar Final Report 2019

CRE-94-18 Pelly River Chinook Sonar Report FINAL

CRE-94-17 Pelly River Chinook Salmon Sonar Program

CRE-94-16 Pelly River Chinook Sonar Pilot Program

 

Teslin River Chinook Stock Restoration Investigation and Deadman Creek Chinook Salmon Restoration Project

Chinook salmon in the Teslin River watershed have one of the longest salmon migrations in North America, with the headwaters of the Teslin River being nearly 3,000 km upstream from the Bering Sea. The Teslin River watershed is also a major spawning destination for Canadian-origin Chinook: The results from the Teslin River sonar (and in-season genetic analysis at Eagle) during 2014 and 2015 have indicated that approximately 25% of the passage of Canadian-origin Chinook is destined for the Teslin River watershed.
This project will build upon previous projects to reintroduce a spawning population of Chinook salmon to Deadman Creek, a tributary that flows into Teslin Lake approximately 30 km north of the community of Teslin using in-stream egg incubation (egg planting) methods. The 2016 work followed a project conducted by the Teslin Tlingit Council (TTC) during 2015 to identify potential Chinook stock and/or habitat restoration projects in the Teslin River watershed. The Deadman Creek framework is intended to be a working document which will be updated and revised as new monitoring (survival) data becomes available in future years.

CRE-18-19 Deadman Creek Chinook Stock Restoration ...

CRE-18-18. Deadman Creek Chinook Restoration and I...

CRE-18-17 Rourke. Deadman Creek Chinook Salmon Res...

CRE-18-16 Deadman creek Restoration_Final Report

CRE-18-15 Teslin River Watershed Chinook Restorat...

 

Yukon River Chinook Salmon Subsistence Harvest Sampling and GSI

An understanding of the total harvest of both U.S. and Canadian-origin Yukon River Chinook salmon is necessary in order to address harvest sharing objectives outlined in the Pacific Salmon Treaty. Important subsistence fisheries occur in Alaska across six distinct fishery management districts on the Yukon River, and stock composition of the subsistence harvest varies among these districts because of differences in harvest timing, location, and gear used.

Complete information on these harvests is critical for creating Canadian-origin Chinook salmon brood year tables and run reconstructions, which form the basis of the spawner-recruit models used to estimate past and future run productivity and help establish escapement goals for Canadian-origin Chinook salmon. These data also help managers understand the effects of management actions and fishing gear on harvest composition. The objective of this proposal is to collect representative genetic stock identification information, coupled with age, sex, and length data, from the Chinook salmon subsistence harvest in Districts 1 through 5.

This project began in 2009 at the Tanana Chiefs Conference, and has been funded by the Yukon River Panel Restoration & Enhancement Fund since 2012. As in previous programs, sampling will be done by local community members under the supervision of biologists and in accordance with ADF&G sampling protocols. Participants will be paid for the samples they collect in order to encourage participation in the program. ADF&G will receive the raw data and estimate age, sex, length and stock composition of the subsistence Chinook salmon harvests from Districts 1-5. A brood table will be published annually for the Joint Technical Committee, and a separate report will be provided that documents the data collection, harvest composition, and comparisons to historical patterns.

URE-03-18. Yukon R Chinook Subsistence Harvest Sam...

URE-03-17A&B Yukon River Chinook Subsistence Harve...

URE-03-16B Yukon River Chinook Subsistence Harvest...

URE-03-15 Yukon River Chinook Salmon Subsistence S...

URE-03-14 Yukon River Chinook Salmon Subsistence S...

URE-03-13 Yukon River Chinook Salmon Subsistence S...

URE-03-12 Yukon River Chinook Salmon Subsistence S...

 

Yukon River Pre-Season Planning Process

The project goal is to conduct public outreach to an adult audience of active Yukon River fishers to build a more aware public constituency that is motivated to maintain and protect salmon stocks of Canadian origin. Over the past ten years the Yukon River Drainage Fisheries Association (YRDFA) has hosted a one-day meeting to discuss pre-season planning for the management of declining Canadian origin Chinook salmon, fall chum and other important issues related to the upcoming fishing season. Meeting attendees include Tribal Council representatives, state and federal fisheries management agencies and other Yukon River fishery stakeholders. The meetings are a necessary annual event convening stakeholders, representing a majority of Yukon River fishing communities along the Alaskan portion of the Yukon River, with Alaskan agency fishery managers to discuss how to protect Canadian origin Chinook and fall chum salmon and meet other management goals.

This project has demonstrated that outreach through face-to-face meetings with the Yukon River public has led to increased community partnership with fisheries managers in their management efforts to conserve Canadian origin Chinook salmon.

CC-03-19. Yukon River Pre & Post Season Planning M...

CC-03-18. YRP R&E Summer Prep Final Report

CC-03-17 Yukon River Panel R&E Summer Prep draft F...

CC-03-16 2017 YRDFA Pre-Season Planning

CC-03-15 Preseason planning 2015

CC-03-14 Yukon River Pre-Season Planning Process

CC-03-13 Yukon River Pre-Season Planning Process

CC-03-12 Yukon River Summer Preparedness Process

CC-03-11 Summer Season Preparedness Final Report

 

 

Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the Big Salmon River

This project, which has been running at this site since 2005 and funded by the Restoration and Enhancement Fund since 2011, operates a sonar station on the Big Salmon River using a long range dual frequency identification sonar (DIDSON) to enumerate the Chinook salmon escapement each year, and conducts spawning ground sampling to obtain biological information on the stock. The goal of the project is to provide a long term dataset for inter-annual stock strength, run timing, ASL composition, and annual escapement estimates (for the Big Salmon and the Yukon Rivers) in addition to verifying the accuracy of the genetic proportions from Eagle.

The program works closely with the Juvenile Chinook Out-migrant Assessment Study and the Sonar Program in Eagle, Alaska.

CRE-41-20. 2020 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report - ...

CRE-41-19. Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report 2019

CRE-41-18. 2018 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report

CRE-41-17 2017 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report - F...

CRE-41-16 2016 Big Salmon Chinook Sonar Report

CRE-41-15 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...

CRE-41-14 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...

CRE-41-13 Sonar Enumeration of Chinook Salmon on t...

CRE-41-12 Sonar Enumeration of Chinook Salmon on t...

CRE-41-11 Big Salmon Sonar

CRE-41-10 Chinook Salmon Enumeration on the Big Sa...

CRE-41-09 Big Salmon Sonar Final Report

CRE-41-08 Big Salmon River Chinook Sonar Report

CRE-41-07 Big Salmon Sonar Report

CRE-41-06 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...

CRE-41-05 Chinook Salmon Sonar Enumeration on the ...

Michie Creek Salmon and Habitat Monitoring Project

Salmon at the source: Kwanlin Dün monitor chinook

The Kwanlin Dün First Nation is keeping an eye on chinook salmon at the spawning grounds: A place where a 3,000km migration begins and ends.Philippe Morin visited the First Nation's salmon monitoring program on the McClintock river.

Posted by CBC Yukon on Sunday, September 6, 2015

Video source: CBC

Michie Creek is a tributary of the M’Clintock River. It is estimated that roughly 35% of the Chinook Salmon that travel through the Whitehorse Fish Ladder end their journey at Michie Creek to spawn.

The Michie Creek spawning population represents one of the longest migrations of Chinook salmon in the Yukon Drainage Basin – over 3,000 kms and, it is upstream of the Whitehorse Rapids Dam. It is also a fish stock subject to the greatest risk of overharvest because it migrates through fisheries on both sides of the Canada/ U.S. border.

The Michie Creek Salmon and Habitat Monitoring Project maintains continued access for migrating Chinook to reach its primary spawning location on upper Michie Creek at the outlet of Michie Lake. For over a decade, many barriers had to be breached such as beaver dams and logjams for migrating salmon to reach their spawning grounds.

The spawning population is monitored each year by counting redds (salmon nests) and the number of adult spawners present at the site.

Hourly temperature and flow data have also been collected over the summer months for the duration of the project. This database represents one of the only Chinook spawning locations in the Yukon where this data has been documented over the long-term.

CRE-51-19. Michie Creek Monitoring Report 2019

CRE-51-18 Michie Creek Monitoring 2018 Final

CRE-51-17 Michie Creek Monitoring 2017 Final

CRE-51-16 KDFN Michie Monitoring Project 2016

CRE-51-15 2015 Michie Creek Salmon and Habitat Mon...

CRE-51-14 2014 Michie Creek Salmon and Habitat Mon...

CRE-51-13 Michie Creek Monitoring 2013

CRE-51-12 KDFN Michie Creek Salmon and Habitat Mon...

CRE-51-12 KDFN Michie Creek Salmon and Habitat Mon...

CRE-51-11 KDFN Michie Creek Monitoring Project

CRE-51-10 Michie Creek Monitoring

CRE-51-09 KDFN Michie Creek Monitoring Project

CRE-51-08 Michie Creek Salmon and Habitat-Monitori...

CRE-51N-07 Michie Creek Supplemental Juvenile Chin...